The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, also known as the Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act of 2002, and commonly called “SOX” or “Sarbox”, is a United States federal law enacted on July 30, 2002 in response to a number of major corporate and accounting scandals. Intended to protect shareholders and the general public, the bill consists of eleven sections which detail the responsibilities of a public corporation’s board of directors, and imposes criminal penalties for misconduct. The Securities and Exchange Commission was required to define and create regulations for how public corporations complied with the law, and administers the act.
All public companies are required to submit an annual assessment of the effectiveness of their internal financial auditing controls to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Additionally, each company’s external auditors are required to audit and report on the internal control reports of management, in addition to the company’s financial statements.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act is arranged into eleven titles. As far as compliance is concerned, the most important sections within the act are often considered to be 302, 401, 404, 409, 802 and 906.
An over-arching public company accounting board was also established by the act, which was introduced amidst a host of publicity.
Ease of SOX Reporting and Alerting
Netsurion offers specific reports, rules and dashboards to help meet the requirements detailed within SOX 404 and 302. These reports, rules and dashboards can be easily and intuitively customized for specific environments. Audits usually are stressful, expensive and time consuming. However, you should also consider that audits serve to confirm that your SOX compliance activities are both understood and practiced by your organization on a regular basis. Auditors have wide discretion to determine what constitutes compliance or non-compliance and the relative severity/intent therein. By demonstrating that your organization is aware of the requirements and is serious about your operational commitment by being “audit-ready all the time,” you are more likely to receive corrective guidance as opposed to punitive action in the audit.
Netsurion streamlines both the real-time security incident detection and the compliance report review processes. By providing “single-click” issue flagging and report annotation on-the-fly, SOX audit-ready summaries are available on demand in Netsurion Open XDR to help minimize the stress and time needed to prepare for SOX audits.
You must monitor and review logs and access reports for this covered information and information exchange in real-time, or as soon thereafter as is practicable to avoid privacy breaches and placing your organization at risk of failing a SOX audit. You must also document your policies, identify and train responsible personnel and provide evidence of incident and log review procedures on an on-going basis.
Protect Data and Information
Netsurion safeguards cardholder’s data by ensuring stringent rules against unknown authentication and authorization. Netsurion Open XDR monitors access to file and database servers. It also monitors configuration changes on critical file and database servers, and alerts the responsible entity to take further action. Netsurion also has an optimized, high performance event warehouse that is designed for efficient storage and retrieval of event logs. It reliably and efficiently archives event logs from across the SIEM without the need for any DBMS licenses or other overhead costs. These logs are compressed and sealed with a SHA-1 signature to prevent potential tampering.
Netsurion Provides a Full View of the Entire IT Infrastructure
Netsurion improves security, helps organizations demonstrate compliance, and increases operational efficiencies. The Open XDR platform enables your organization to be more aware of potential security risks and internal/external threats. It provides you with the ability to respond to a security incident with comprehensive data and forensic tools for analysis. The time required to investigate and mitigate security incidents can be greatly reduced, minimizing potential exposure and costs.
Netsurion’s Managed Threat Protection is our managed services offering to enhance the value of Open XDR implementations. Our expert staff can assume responsibility for some or all Netsurion SIEM-related tasks, including system management, incident reviews, daily/weekly log reviews, configuration assessments, SOX audit reports annotation, and audit support. We augment your IT Security team, allowing you to focus on your
priorities by leveraging our expertise, discipline and efficiency.
Scalable, Log Collection and Processing with Notifications based on Criticality
Netsurion SIEM provides automatic consolidation of thousands or even millions of audit events to meet the needs of any size organization. The inbound log data is identified by Netsurion’s built-in manufacturer Knowledge Base, which contains log definitions for thousands of types of log events, and automatically identifies which events are critical to security and SOX compliance. Netsurion provides real-time and batch aggregation of all system, event and audit logs from your firewalls, IDS/IPS, network devices, Windows, Linux/Unix, VMware ESX, Citrix, databases, MS Exchange web servers, EHRs and more.
Open and Extensible with Strong Access Control Measures
Netsurion enables automatic, unattended consolidation of millions of events in a secure environment along with incrementally scalable to meet the needs of any size organization. It also supports an infinite number of collection points, with each collection point able to process over 100,000 events per second. All this data is identified by the product based Knowledge Base, which contains detailed information on over 20,000 types of events, and automatically determines which logs are alerts, which are incidents, and which can be ignored.
Log Collection includes a flexible, agent-optional architecture providing managed real-time and batch aggregation of all system, event and audit logs. Netsurion supports UDP and TCP (guaranteed delivery) log transport and is FIPS 140-2 compliant for transmission of events from agent/collection point to console.
Netsurion SIEM monitors all administrators and users activities for all file and folder access on all servers. It monitors successful and failed logon attempts to all servers. Each Netsurion SIEM user has specific user credentials and permissions. With the authentication and authorization mechanism implemented by Netsurion, access privileges are controlled.
Netsurion also provides enhanced endpoint monitoring and security, generating an event when USB/DVD/CD removable media is inserted including the username and device serial number; all file transfers to USB/DVD/CD devices are recorded including the time/date stamp; USB devices can be automatically disabled based on serial number. Netsurion monitors changes on the file system and in the system registry of a Windows system and substantially improves corporate security and availability. Strong authentication and authorization mechanism is implemented by Netsurion, hence access privileges are controlled.
Ease of Deployment and Scalability
Netsurion is available on premise or as a highly scalable cloud-based and Log Management solution. It offers several deployment options to meet the needs of organizations with a few dozen systems or those with thousands of systems spread across multiple locations. Netsurion Cloud is available as an AMI on Amazon EC2, Microsoft Azure or your cloud infrastructure provider of choice. It supports multi-tenant implementations for MSSP organizations serving the needs of smaller customers.
|SOX Requirements||Netsurion Capability|
|Section 302 & 404 outline that a company’s CEO and CFO are directly responsible for the accuracy, documentation and submission of all financial reports as well as the internal control structure to the SEC. In order for an organization to confidently attest to this it must have a clear understanding of where data is stored, who owns it, who is responsible for it and who is authorized to use it.||Netsurion Open XDR monitors and stores in a searchable format, all aspects of data use for information stored on file servers and Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices. It provides a detailed record of files server contents and how they are used including: filenames, folders, access privileges to files and folders (i.e. a user’s or groups NTFS permissions), data use by username of group name (i.e. create, open, delete, rename), a list of the likely business owners of data. This latter is based on Netsurion analysis of legitimate user activity on a given data set.|
|SOX requires an Internal Control Report stating that management is responsible for an ‘‘adequate’’ internal control structure, and an assessment by management of the effectiveness of the control structure. Any shortcomings in these controls must also be reported. To accomplish this COBIT recommends security officers report directly to high level management and that the following duties be segregated: data entry, computer operation, network management, system administration, systems development and maintenance, change management, security administration, security.||Netsurion Open XDR helps meet the objectives of these requirements in a number of ways.|
– Netsurion recommends the revocation of permissions to data for those users who do not have a business need to the data this ensures that user access to data is always warranted and driven by least privilege.
– Netsurion Open XDE generates reports showing the history of permission revocations and the percentages by which overly permissive access was reduced.
Via these capabilities, entities can demonstrate a historical and sustained enforcement of least privilege access and its effects.
|SOX require that organizations be able to provide evidence that they are compliant. This requires an ongoing effort to document and measure compliance continuously.||Netsurion Open XDR provides highly detailed reports including: data use (i.e. every user’s every filetouch), user activity on sensitive data, changes including security and permissions changes which affect the access privileges to a given file or folder, a detailed record of permissions revocations including the names of users and the data sets for which permissions were revoked. In fact, because Netsurion Open XDR allows any query or complex query of data use within the application to be saved and generated as a report, the amount and types of information that can be furnished for SOX compliance documentation are nearly infinite.|
|Accounting for access (particularly administrative access) to critical systems is an important aspect of SOX compliance. Systems must be configured to capture both administrative and user access, to store the logs for later review and to protect the logs from unauthorized access.||Netsurion Open XDR maintains a detailed history of all objects managed by the Netsurion application including users, user groups and by extension administrative accounts within user directories. At any given time users of Netsurion Open XDR can generate reports that show which administrators changed security settings and access permissions to file servers and their contents. The same level of detail is provided for users of data, showing their access history as well as any changes made to security and access control setting of files and folders. Further, alerts and reports are automatically generated for anomalous or overly rigorously activity on important data sets. All of this ensures that access to data in continuously monitored for appropriate use and that organizations have all of the information they need to conduct forensic analysis and process improvement.|